Joint pain

Joint pain is one of the first positions among the most painful symptoms that are painful and problems with the musculoskeletal system. According to estimates of doctors, this problem develops in almost half of the population of the planet. It often happens that irregularities in the joints starts in people after the age of 40. According to statistics, aching joints 50% of people after 40 years and 70 years of age symptom is diagnosed in 90% of cases.

joint pain1

The joint is the moving part, which is present in all extremities. It is located at the junction of two bones, and movement occurs due to muscles and tendons. Pain in any of these parts are considered by the doctors as the pain in the joints.

joint pain2

ETIOLOGY

Joints can be formed pathological processes such as inflammation, sprains, breaks, or problems with metabolic processes. The symptoms of these diseases:

  • synovitis;
  • bursitis;
  • tendonitis;
  • arthritis;
  • gout;
  • osteoarthrosis;
  • rheumatoid or reactive arthritis;
  • benign and malignant diseases.

To provoke pain in the extremities can various irritants, according to these indicators, it is also possible to determine the risk group:

  • age older than 60 years;
  • genetics;
  • congenital malformation;
  • excessive sports activities;
  • excess weight;
  • injuries and fractures;
  • sexual identity.

Pain in the knee, shoulder, hand, or other places where there is connective tissue, may develop from impaired circulation of the synovial membrane of the joint. This contributes to the deterioration of cartilage regeneration. Articular cartilage begins to break down and further damaged the bone itself, muscles and neighboring joints.

Another common reason that doctors emit in the diagnosis of the disease is the diet. Pain in the joints of this factor was less evident, doctors suggest to follow a diet, which will be as a lot of calcium, manganese, boron, phosphorus, silicon and zinc.

The next important factor which people have pain in the joints of the fingers and toes, is a little active way of life. Limbs start to hurt because the person moves a little, causing reduced production of synovial fluid, disturbed metabolism.

The person may experience functional painful articular syndrome, which is generated from stress and nervous tension. Why aching joints, the doctor will be able to find out after examination and diagnosis.

CLASSIFICATION

The symptom manifests itself in diverse forms and types, so the doctor brought the classification, which allows you to quickly determine the type of symptom:

  • the nature of the damage – inflamed and inflamed;
  • the vastness of progression – mono-, oligo - and polyarticular;

  • localization – General and localised.

During the development of many diseases, patients feel a painful syndrome of different origin and time of the manifestation. Clinicians have identified 4 basic types of pain:

  • mechanical;
  • starting;
  • night;
  • reflect.

PATHOLOGY WITH JOINT PAIN

Often if a person has pain in the joints of the fingers, this may be due to the development of arthritis. To inform the patient about the development of the pathology can and other signs:

  • high temperature;
  • swelling of tissues;
  • heat in the joints;
  • the severity of the motion.

The disease is in the form of mono - and poly arthritis, which damaged one or more joints.

Gout is identified by signs of mono arthritis. In the recurrence of inflammation, the patient affects the neighboring joints. In the pathological process involved the entire body. Gout is characterized by the fact that the pain in the elbow joint sharply and intensely.

Another common disease of the joints of the fingers is osteoarthritis. In old age people have elastic cartilage which protects the joint from damage, gradually hardens, losing its elasticity and becomes more vulnerable stage. In the process of damage, cartilage is erased, ligaments and tendons are stretched, which causes increased pain. Osteoarthritis can develop in any joint, regardless of its initial state. The disease can succumb to the fingers, elbow, spine, shoulders, knees.

Quick to recognize this pathology is possible by some specific features:

  • pain and sensitivity of the affected area;
  • the bumps on the bones.

To eliminate the symptom, the patient will need to reduce body weight, to decrease stress on inflamed joints, exercise and take painkillers.

Another common ailment that manifests itself in pain is the osteoarthritis. He belongs to a group of degenerative pathologies of cartilage tissue. Apply arthrosis of large joints:

  • coxofemoral;
  • shoulder blade;
  • knee;
  • talocrural.

The disease develops gradually. The patient may feel slight crunch and pain in hip joint when walking. On hyaline cartilage cracks appear, which lead to a rough surface. With the development of the pathology it is completely destroyed. The joint is lost former mobility, increased stiffness and pain. To the General symptoms are added, and neurological signs.

Bursitis in its manifestation like arthritis, so at the first examination of the patient doctors are often confused by these ailments. Upon detection of such pathology, the patient does not need to wonder why the pain in your joints because the inflammation is located in the articular capsule. With the development of the disease the patient feels such supplemental:

  • discomfort;
  • stiffness.

Often, the disease is formed in the knee, the shoulder or the hips. It can provoke inflammation of the synovial membrane from damage, compression or injury.

Fibromyalgia – a disease manifested of unknown etiology. The disease is characterized by severe pain in muscles, joints, head, and failure of sleep. With the progression of the pathology, patients may feel fatigue and impaired functionality of the intestine.

Developing osteoporosis is characterized by reduced bone density. Typically, the pathology is formed in women in postmenopausal period. The manifestation is based on the change in the structure of bone tissue.

DIAGNOSTICS

In order to establish why formed pain in the shoulder joint, leg, hip or hand, the patient will need to seek the advice of a doctor. A full body examination and detection of pathology can perform physician, surgeon, orthopedist, and rheumatologist. Diagnosis causes unpleasant symptom is to conduct laboratory and instrumental examinations: blood tests; immunological study;

  • the sample for the determination of antistreptolysin' ;
  • a sample of the synovial fluid;
  • radiography;
  • tomography;
  • myelography;
  • inside osseous phlebography;
  • arthroscopy;
  • discography;
  • radio nuclide study;
  • arthrography
  • biopsy.

For accurate diagnosis, see a doctor immediately it is important to collect a history. It includes information on clinical picture, infectious process, psoriasis, trauma, poor diet and other data that can tell us about the etiology of a symptom. After that, the patient is assigned to conducting the above surveys, depending on the suspected diagnosis.

TREATMENT

With the development of the disease destroyed the protective cartilage of the joint. Through this process, the surface of the joint is deformed and the movement of a certain part of the body is limited. Pain in the knee or other extremities during walking and intensifies gradually developing atrophy of the muscles of the limb.

Doctor prescribed to patients for joint pain with various medications and ointments, so treatment consists exclusively of conservative methods:

  • balancing power is to reduce the amount of meat, salt, and spicy ingredients, to increase the consumption of fruit and vegetables, less eat;
  • to get rid of excess weight;
  • do not abuse alcohol;
  • sports – gymnastics, swimming;
  • to do cold and warm compresses.

Often you can find that doctors recommend to patients folk remedies for joint pain. These include such ingredients and procedures:

  • packs of cottage cheese,flour, mustard bran, mud, potatoes;
  • cordials, juices and teas made from dandelion, horseradish, elderberry;
  • baths using anti-inflammatory essential oils.

Also to eliminate the pain is a good mixture and the ointment of nettle, St. John's wort, yarrow, potatoes and cabbage.

As to traditional measures of treatment, doctors recommend to start treatment on these principles:

  • the use of painkillers;
  • the removal of inflammation;
  • stop degenerative processes;
  • the restoration of the musculoskeletal system;
  • controlling lifestyle.

Choosing the perfect a cure for joint pain, the patient is provided with medications, surgery, physiotherapy and rehabilitation methods. The efficiency of the technology also depends on the stage of pain and established disease.

For example, in acute diseases, the patient is blockade of nerve endings, which represents an injection of strong drugs. After this procedure the patient for a long time are all symptoms and discomfort during movement.

This technique doctors resorted to in rare cases. Part of any therapy is the medication. They are assigned to patient in any situation and with the development of various pathologies. The person is recommended to eat such preparations that improve the General condition of the patient and pain pills for pain:

  • non-steroidal drugs;
  • antibiotics;
  • hormones of a bark of adrenal glands;
  • chondroprotectors;
  • vitamins.

To eliminate pain attack various drugs that are administered intravenously, orally or locally. For quick suppression of a symptom, it is recommended to use the ointment for joint pain on the basis of natural components. Of the above ingredients of traditional medicine can be at home to make natural painkillers. It must be applied at the appearance of discomfort, and also sometimes as a preventive measure.

For local Troubleshooting symptom also used the patch from the pain. It works in the same way as the ointment. It must be applied to the place of inflammation and preferably for a time not to make any sudden movements.

PREVENTION

Preventive measures from pain in the shoulder joint, feet, hands or hip apparatus are as simple proper way of life. In order to reduce the chances of development of severe pathologies, doctors are advised to exercise several times a week for half an hour. Due to such a minor training, you can prevent the inflammation of the joints.

It is also advisable to choose the right products for feed, which are filled with useful nutrients and can fill the bones and joints of the body with the right nutrients. At the slightest discomfort in the extremities or musculoskeletal system, it is necessary to immediately consult the doctor in time to prevent the development of pathology.

07.02.2018