Treatment of osteochondrosis

Probably, there are few people who, after 30-35 years old, would not periodically complain of discomfort and pain in different areas of the back, temporary numbness of the legs or arms. Such manifestations may indicate the possibility of developing osteochondrosis in you. This disease is quite common and occurs when, under the influence of a variety of reasons, the cartilaginous tissue of the spine begins to change, losing its mobility and flexibility. This disease can develop in any part of the spinal column, but usually the discs between the vertebrae are affected. If you move a little or sit at the workplace for a long time, then the likelihood of osteochondrosis in you is very high.

back pain with osteochondrosis

People pay attention to discomfort and other changes associated with this disease, usually closer to the second half of life.

The chance of acquiring an ailment increases markedly if:

  • you already know what age-related changes are;
  • you have (no matter when) a back injury;
  • you had to experience exorbitant physical activity;
  • you are constantly in stressful situations;
  • your work involves strong vibrations.

And over the past few decades, osteochondrosis of the spine has also noticeably "younger".

Early onset of the disease is possible if:

  • the person has poor physical fitness or posture disorders;
  • a person is eating out of time or improperly;
  • suffers from flat feet or curvature of the spine;
  • a person has bad habits - overeats or smokes.

In addition, during pregnancy, the load on the spine also increases, so it often becomes the cause of osteochondrosis in girls and women.

The danger of osteochondrosis

How to deal with osteochondrosis? In the early stages of osteochondrosis (first or second), its symptoms may be poorly expressed, or not bother the person at all. This is dangerous because a neglected osteochondrosis, in addition to uncomfortable and painful sensations, can "present" you with complications in the form of such serious diseases as kyphosis, radiculitis or intervertebral hernia.

What to do with osteochondrosis? - Treat, because if osteochondrosis is detected in the early stages, then you can completely get rid of it.

Modern methods used to treat osteochondrosis

In the full treatment of osteochondrosis of the spine, two methods are used: complex therapy (conservative) and surgical (surgical) intervention.

Complex therapy (conservative)

massage for osteochondrosis

Osteochondrosis therapy consists of a whole range of medication and additional methods. Such therapy is prescribed if you are in the early stages of this disease.

Treatment of osteochondrosis of the 1st degree is carried out by means of:

  • the use of drug therapy;
  • local and general massage;
  • a set of exercise therapy exercises;
  • the use of reflexology and the whole variety of physiotherapy methods.

Treatment of osteochondrosis of the 2nd degree additionally requires the use of the spinal traction method. The spine is stretched by means of a load that is individually selected for each patient. For this, special equipment is used. The spine traction procedure not only relieves acute pain, but also restores the correct position of your spine and increases the intervertebral space.

Medication methods

  • the use of various anti-inflammatory and analgesic drugs;
  • the use of modern drugs that restore cartilage tissue.

Methods of using drugs for drug treatment:

  • all kinds of external rubbing and compresses.
  • oral administration of tablets and capsules.
  • procedures such as droppers and injections.

With the drug treatment of osteochondrosis, the pain syndrome is stopped, acute inflammation processes are relieved, muscle tissues gradually relax, some affected cartilages are restored, blood supply and metabolic processes increase. Such treatment of the disease is necessarily prescribed in cases of exacerbation of the disease.

Additional methods

acupuncture for osteochondrosis
  • specially designed therapeutic diet;
  • massage and self-massage;
  • physiotherapy methods;
  • manual therapy;
  • light underwater hydromassage;
  • traction (traction therapy);
  • acupuncture;
  • traditional medicine;
  • meditative relaxation;
  • medicinal baths;
  • a set of exercise therapy exercises;
  • work with a psychotherapist.

Surgical treatment (operative)

Surgical treatment is used in the later stages of the disease (third and fourth), when other proven treatments no longer help. Treatment of later stages is more complicated, since the main ailment itself is already accompanied by other diseases of the spine - radiculitis, hernias. The indication for surgical intervention is the appearance of an intervertebral hernia. Sometimes it is even necessary to completely remove the affected disk.

Treatment of grade 4 osteochondrosis requires an extremely complex operation with a high risk of damage to the nerves of the spinal cord. Therefore, surgical treatment is extremely rare, if the attempts to cure the patient with osteochondrosis by other methods have not helped.

How long is osteochondrosis treated?

How to quickly cure osteochondrosis? It depends on the presence of pronounced age-related changes, the variability of the manifestation of symptoms, the variety of treatment methods used. The patient himself can actively contribute to recovery by carefully adhering to the requirements of his treating therapist.

Treatment for grade 1 osteochondrosis usually lasts from one to four months. With the 4th degree, after the operation, the recovery period can take a year and a half. Treatment also depends on the patient's personality. He is required to be positive, persistent, have a strong-willed character and tremendous motivation.

Treatment of osteochondrosis of different types

Osteochondrosis is distinguished by the location of the spinal lesion (its localization). Localization of osteochondrosis can be:

  • cervical;
  • chest;
  • lumbar;
  • common.

Main complaints:

  • with cervical localization - a person periodically has pain in the shoulders and arms, as well as headaches. Due to the squeezing of the arteries, at times there is noise in the ears, colored spots and "flies" in front of the eyes, light dizziness.
  • with chest localization - a person complains of pain of the type: "put a stake in the chest", "lumbago" in the heart, stomach or lungs.
  • with lumbosacral localization - a person complains of severe lumbar pain, which can spread to the region of the sacrum, groin, and even legs. Some patients experience numbness in the leg muscles.
  • with widespread localization, there are complaints of a wide variety of symptoms. In this form of the disease, a person complains of several types of symptoms at the same time.

How to treat cervical osteochondrosis?

The methods of treating osteochondrosis of the neck today are:

  • pain relievers and anti-inflammatory drugs, antispasmodics;
  • stimulants for tissue repair, anti-inflammatory gels, topical ointments;
  • manual therapy;
  • Exercise therapy;
  • hirudotherapy;
  • reflexology;
  • traditional medicine;
  • surgical intervention, if the case is especially serious.

How to treat thoracic osteochondrosis?

Measures for the treatment of breast type:

  • pain relievers and anti-inflammatory drugs;
  • acupuncture;
  • manual impact;
  • vacuum therapy;
  • physiotherapy;
  • can massage;
  • traditional medicine;
  • moxibustion (warming up with wormwood cigars).

Exercise therapy for the chest type of the disease is used not only as an adjunct to general therapy, but also as a way to form a muscle corset, among other things, exercise therapy prevents possible relapses.

How is lumbosacral osteochondrosis treated?

manual therapy for osteochondrosis

Therapy at different stages is carried out conservatively and surgically.

Conservative treatment of lumbosacral osteochondrosis in the early stages includes:

  • drug therapy, in some cases, hormones;
  • manual impact;
  • fortifying supplements;
  • reflexology (acupuncture);
  • lumbar massage;
  • traditional medicine;
  • hirudotherapy (leeches);
  • Exercise therapy.

Stage 4 lumbosacral osteochondrosis usually requires surgical intervention.

How to treat common osteochondrosis?

Treatment of common osteochondrosis is performed:

  • prescribing appropriate medication;
  • the use of all types of manual therapy;
  • exercise therapy exercises;
  • using acupuncture techniques;
  • various methods of physiotherapy;
  • the development of a special diet.

Any type of spinal osteochondrosis requires surgical intervention only in ten percent of cases. The operation can be prescribed to patients with complications, as well as if the patient is late in seeking treatment from specialists. If the diagnosis is made in a timely manner and you have already started therapy, it will be nice if traditional methods of treating this disease are added to the traditional methods. Traditional methods have proven themselves in the treatment of any type of osteochondrosis.

Treatment with folk methods

Folk remedies for this disease are used only along with drug treatment. They are aimed at relieving inflammation, pain and discomfort. Decide for yourself how to treat osteochondrosis of the spine - using various traditional medicine, or only by medical methods.

herbs for the treatment of osteochondrosis

Popular folk remedies:

  • taking tonic coniferous baths;
  • applying copper plates and coins to the spine.
  • compresses with the addition of aloe juice;
  • massage with honey, honey wraps;
  • fresh herbal teas: oregano, hop cones and chamomile; St. John's wort, dandelion and burdock roots;
  • applying horseradish leaves to a sore spot;
  • applying rye or potato cakes to the sore spot;
  • sunflower herbal tea;
  • tincture of red elderberry;
  • burdock compresses.

Starting treatment for osteochondrosis, you may face the fact that your pain will only intensify. This is a completely expected reaction of your body to unusual influences. Soon, such painful sensations will completely stop. The best way to treat osteochondrosis is the combination of conservative therapy with postoperative rehabilitation in specialized centers.

How can a person get rid of osteochondrosis?

Here are the three most common questions that concern patients with osteochondrosis:

  1. How to get rid of osteochondrosis?
  2. How to quickly cure osteochondrosis?
  3. Where is the best treatment for osteochondrosis?

Doctors answer these questions in different ways, because the speed of recovery depends not only on the form of the disease, but also on the timeliness of the patient's request for treatment.

Specialists can guarantee a complete cure of only the first and second stages of the disease. Therefore, you should immediately contact a therapist, even if you have only found some of the symptoms in yourself. Although all modern methods of treating osteochondrosis are quite effective, doctors consider the combination of a complex of traditional methods with constant training on stationary equipment for rehabilitation to be the most effective therapy. Such treatment helps to completely recreate the muscle corset and forget about the disease for a long time.

Why shouldn't a patient with osteochondrosis be treated at home?

  1. It is not recommended to treat a patient with osteochondrosis at home, since the absence of a special orthopedic bed, physiotherapy devices and special simulators can greatly reduce the effectiveness of treatment;
  2. Not every patient can constantly observe the daily regimen, take the prescribed medications on time, eat according to the diet, and undergo all medical procedures. In addition, many patients need periodic reminders to continue treatment.
  3. At home, it is difficult to follow the correct diet recommended by your dietitian.

Hence the conclusion: you can try to treat osteochondrosis at home, widely using alternative methods of treatment, but the best solution is still going to a specialized clinic or hospital for this profile, constant being under the supervision of a highly qualified therapist.

04.07.2021